Natural Resource Management
Tanzania is among the countries in the world that are endowed with natural resources. From all sort of minerals, forestry, water bodies, tourism attractions such as wild life and natural attractions. All these resources provide a great potential for the country to develop and end extreme poverty for the Tanzanians. FEMAPO for the past several years have engaged in lobby and advocacy efforts to make sure the policy and decision makers have put is place the policy and legal environment necessary for the country to benefit from this God given resources. But in line with that the country has safe guards in place to protect the environment and the people so that we have a sustainable use of resources to benefit the present and future generation of Tanzanians. Under this category of Natural Resource Management (NRM) FEMAPO have implemented a project called Lobby and Advocacy on Uranium Mining in Tanzania (2010-2013) which aimed at making sure Uranium Mining initiative in Tanzania does not bring harm rather than blessings because of the nature of the mineral which is very harmful to the environmental and human health. FEMAPO worked with national and international institutions to raise awareness to the general public of Tanzania to understand the impacts of uranium mining in Tanzania. FEMAPO also worked with Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission (TAEC) to support the development of the regulations governing Uranium mining in Tanzania. Tanzania up to this point do not have a policy governing uranium mining in the country though have issued more that 70 licenses for uranium exploration, and have issued one mining license to Mantra resources Co. from Australia to mine Uranium in Selous Game Reserve in Mkuju River in Songea Region. Uranium mining is a source of Nuclear chain that puts the entire world at risk of nuclear disasters. This needs global efforts to end nuclear chain which starts with uranium mining.
Tanzania according to 2002 national census 50% of its population are children under the age of 18 years. This makes Tanzania a nation of children, therefore national efforts are needed to invest in the well being of children. FEMAPO sees children as the future of this country hence advocating for their well being is a paramount objective for FEMAPO.
That is why in collaboration with CFJ Malawi, Straight Talk Foundation in Uganda and Bank Information Center in USA, we launched a project known as “Child rights and safety in the extractive industry sector in Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda”.
The main objectives of the project, funded by the Oak Foundation, are to analyze the impact of World Bank funded projects with a focus on the extractive industry sector (mining, oil and gas) on children’s rights in Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda and to advise on measures to mitigate such impacts. The project will also focus on enhancing the capacity of governments and non-state actors to address impacts of the extractive industry on children in line with the recommendations of General Comment 16. The project will be implemented in these three counties by each of the organizations with CFJ as the lead coordinator and project secretariat. The international advocacy and advisory role for the project will be provided by the Bank Information Centre (BIC) from Washington, DC, USA. The project will also ensure implementation of the Oak Foundation’s child rights principles. This project has come in the right for Tanzania, Extractive industry in Tanzania is the fast growing sector whose impact on children has not been closely scrutinized, hence FEMAPO implementation of this project in Tanzania will yield good and durable fruits in Tanzania for the well being of the children. Our major focal areas for this project in Tanzania will be Gold and diamond mining areas in lake zone and gas and Oil in the southern part of Tanzania in Mtwara and Lindi regions. This project intends to critically analyze impacts of these activities in the lives of children across the business sector of mining. We will also propose tangible actions to be taken by the state and non-state actors as a result of the the findings obtained from the study that will be conducted by this project.
In the mining sites and the surrounding communities in all these countries, children are exposed to many problems and child rights violations such as child marriages, child labor, rape/defilement as well as the violation of basic rights like the right to protection, education and to play, just to mention a few.
Conservation of River Bubu and Bahi Wetland Biodiversity
River Bubu is the main tributary for Bahi wetland which is extending south of the small town of Bahi about 56km west of the Tanzanian capital Dodoma. River Bubu and Bahi wetland are mainstays for sustaining livelihoods in the otherwise semi arid area providing opportunities like fishing, irrigated rice farming, salt production and other economic activities. Negative effects on these natural resources would seriously affect many people. Bahi wetland is also part of the East African Flamingo-Habitat-Network. A fierce public discussion on the project has started and there is uncertainty about the real beneficiaries of the project. Some voices suspect a connection to uranium mining plans, which are pushed in the area for more than six years.
As a result of the importance of Bahi wetland and river Bubu to the people of Bahi and soundings FEMAPO have launched a project to project river Bubu and Bahi wetland ecosystems from the planned Dam Construction which its feasibility study was funded by the World Bank.
If the plans of the Government to dam up river Bubu will succeed thousands of people who depend on river Bubu and Bahi wetland ecosystems for their livelihood will be heavily affected. Bahi Wetland and River Bubu provides sustainable livelihoods such as Fishing, Rice farming, Livestock keeping and salt production to more than 400,000 population of Bahi, Chemba and Manyoni Districts. FEMAPO believes it s very critical for government to think other alternatives for providing drinking water to Dodoma region rather than damming up river Bubu.
Further FEMAPO research have shown that the government did not make thorough consultation with the affected communities to agree to the project, and the ESIA has not been made public up to this point.
No project is implemented under this thematic area
No project is implemented under this thematic area.